Electric Body Manipulation response:
In the essay Electric Body Manipulation as Performance Art: A Historical Perspective the authors explore the history of how electricity can be used to manipulate facial expressions as well as other body parts for performance purposes. The article delves into the history of electricity and whether or not alternating current (AC) is a more reliable source of power than direct current (DC). Although the primary purpose is to influence human muscle for reactions based on an electrical current, such as facial expressions and involuntary movement of an individual’s limb. The essay also discusses other uses of electricity. Once a demonstration of how electricity could be used as a means of a humane tool for execution. This theory was proved possible by Thomas Edison, when they had to put down a violent elephant. The article dives into various uses of how electricity can stimulate the nerves of individuals who’ve recently passed, but it fails to mention the use of electricity in the treatment of mental health issues such as mania, bipolar, and depression. It’s still being used today but it’s now referred to as electroconvulsive therapyand administered in conjunction with an anesthesia.
The artform itself has evolved to the point where artists/designers have now started using algorithms to input the electrical stimuli so that there is a more natural and less chance of repetition of movements and or inputs.
Art of Noise response:
The manifesto The Art of Noise (1913), I learned that noise is only noise if you don’t enjoy listening to it. This isn’t limited to just musical instruments by any stretch of the imagination. The bottom line of this essay in my estimation is that it’s not only subjective but evolves as you grow older. When I was younger around eight or nine years old, I went to an air show at our local airport. The noise from the jet engines scared me enough to want to leave. Now that I’m older and can appreciate that specific type of noise I hear more as music than noise. Tolerance to noise itself is something that has to be built up. By that I mean listening to it in small doses, then increasing the time and volume. I’m interpreting the noise to be non-traditional music instruments, such as young children banging pot lids together ala symbols. or wooden spoons against the pots and pans themselves. The two best examples I can think of as far as combining traditional music instruments with non-traditional instruments is Tchaikovsky’s (~4:12 into video) in which field canon’s are being fired. The second piece is called (~0:07 auto / 4:06 doppler effect) and it was composed by a German group named Kraftwerk. The song not only employed the audio of a car, but also incorporated the use of the doppler effect as well. Combining traditional instruments with non-traditional instruments can be traced back centuries, but it’s only limited by one’s imagination.